Author & Reviewers Guidelines

These guidelines are intended to give you the information needed to submit your paper to the AIRO JOURNALS and present it in accordance with our requirements.


All papers are pre-screened to ensure that your manuscript satisfies the following points:


is the work scientifically rigorous, accurate and novel? Does the work contain significant additional material to that already published? Has its value been demonstrated?


is the material appropriate to the scope of the journal to which it is submitted?


does the problem considered have a sound motivation? Does the paper clearly demonstrate the scientific interest of the results?


has reference been made to the most recent and most appropriate work? Is the present work set in the context of the previous work?


is the English clear and well written? Poorly written English may obscure the scientific merit of your paper. Are the ideas expressed clearly and concisely? Are the concepts understandable?

Publication Criteria

To be accepted for publication in AIRO, research articles must satisfy the following criteria:

The study presents the results of primary scientific research.

Results reported have not been published elsewhere.

Experiments, statistics, and other analyses are performed to a high technical standard and are described in sufficient detail.

Conclusions are presented in an appropriate fashion and are supported by the data.

The article is presented in an intelligible fashion and is written in Standard English.

The research meets all applicable standards for the ethics of experimentation and research integrity.

The article adheres to appropriate reporting guidelines and community standards for data availability.

Manuscript Presentation Criteria

Original papers should be submitted as a single unsecured .pdf/.doc/.docx/.rtf file that includes all figures and tables. Original manuscript can be uploaded through author dashboard on our portal.


Original research papers submitted to the AIRO Research Journals should not exceed 20 pages.


Papers must be typed in a font size no smaller than 10 pt and greater than 12 pt, and presented in two column layout with single line spacing on one side A4 paper. All pages should be numbered. Author can refer to sample format of the paper, which is be available at downloads. All accepted papers will be edited into the AIRO Research Journals house-style.

Language, Spelling and Grammar

All papers must be written in US International English. If English is not your first language, you should ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your paper. Papers that fail to meet basic standards of literacy are likely to be declined immediately by the editors.

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronyms and abbreviations should be clearly defined on their first occurrence in the text by writing the term out in full and following it with the abbreviation in round brackets.


Title should be concise but informative and should not include a subtitle.

Author Affiliations

These should immediately follow the title. For multiple-authored articles, list the names of all the authors, followed by author’s academic/professional details.


This should be informative and suitable for direct inclusion in abstracting services as a self-contained article. It should not exceed 200 words. It should indicate the general scope and also state the main results obtained, methods used the value of the work and the conclusions drawn. No figure numbers, table numbers, references or displayed mathematical expressions should be included.


Papers should be divided into numbered sections, subsections and, if necessary, sub subsections (e.g. 3, 3.1, 3.1.1, etc.).


Vectors and matrices should be displayed in bold and variables in italic. Italics should not be used for emphasis.

Figures and Figure Captions

Figures will be reproduced exactly as supplied, with no redrawing or relabeling. It is therefore imperative that the supplied figures are of the highest possible quality. Each figure should be explicitly referred to in numerical order. Figures should be embedded within the text at the appropriate point. Figure captions should be as concise as possible. Figure keys should appear in boxes within the figure itself.

Figures with multiple sections should be labeled (a), (b), (c), etc. Use a comma to separate quantities from units on figure axes, e.g. "time, ms". Characters, subscripts and superscripts used in figures should be consistent with those in the text. AIRO Journals encourage the use of color for the online version of its articles. Authors supplying color figures enjoy the benefit of their work being presented online in full color.


Each table should be referred to explicitly in the text. Tables should be referred to in numerical order. Avoid the use of unusual mathematical characters or graphical material in tables, since the markup language may not be able to reproduce this. If your table contains such material, it will be set as a figure.


Algorithms should not be boxed and should be set as normal text, not as a figure or a table.

Computer Code

A long line of computer code that fits on to one single-column page may have to be separated into two lines when typeset. Please take this into account when writing any code. Code may be typeset in the form of a figure to enable full-column-width.

Mathematics and equations

When writing mathematics, avoid confusion between characters that could be mistaken for one another, e.g. the letter 'l' and the figure one. Equations should be capable of fitting into a two-column print format. Vectors and matrices should be in bold and variables in italic.

If your paper contains superscripts or subscripts, take special care to ensure that the positioning of the characters is unambiguous. Exponential expressions should be written using superscript notation, i.e. 5x103 not 5E03. A multiplication sign should be used, not a dot.


Acknowledgments should appear as a separate section between the Conclusions and References sections.


The AIRO Journals use the numerical system for references. You should number your references sequentially through the text, and each reference should be individually numbered and enclosed in square brackets (e.g. [1]). Please ensure that all references in the Reference list are cited in the text and vice versa. Failure to do so may cause delays in the production of your article.

Please also ensure that you provide as much information as possible to allow the reader to locate the article concerned. This is particularly important for articles appearing in conferences, workshops and books that may not appear in journal databases.

Please provide all author name(s) and initials, title of the paper, date published, title of the journal or book, volume number, editors (if any), and finally the page range. For books and conferences, the town of publication and publisher (in parentheses) should also be given.

Examples of the ways in which references should be cited are given below:

Journal Article


Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), pp. Pages.